Naga Hills

Political Tension Leads to Arrests and Party Removal

Located in northwestern Burma, Nagaland remains one of the poorest, most isolated and least developed areas in the country. On 29 Jan. 2019, the Burma Army took control of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplangs (NSCN-K) headquarters in Ta Ga Village, Nanyun Township. Over 400 Burma Army troops from six battalions were involved in the takeover but no one was injured or killed. According to the Burma Army, the raid happened because the NSCN-K had trained and sheltered Indian rebels who were fighting the Indian government.

On 9 March 2019, five members of the NSCN-K were arrested by the Burma Army under the Unlawful Association Act of the Burma constitution. While in jail, they began encouraging people to support signing the NCA. Later, in October 2019, after their release, they were again in trouble, this time with their own party: because of their actions in jail to promote the NCA, which violated NSCN-K party principles, they were removed from the party. To date, the NSCN-K has refused to sign the National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) as it does not include all Naga people in Burma and northeast India.

In 2012 the NSCN-K signed a bilateral ceasefire with the regional Sagaing Division government and participated in NCA talks only as observers. Since the headquarters occupation, though, the NSCN-K has completely removed itself from peace talks.

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